Using a competency based approach to identify the management behaviours required to manage workplace stress in nursing: a critical incident study

Lewis, Rachel, Yarker, Joanna, Donaldson-Feilder, Emma, Flaxman, Paul and Munir, Fehmidah (2010) Using a competency based approach to identify the management behaviours required to manage workplace stress in nursing: a critical incident study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 47(3), pp. 307-313. ISSN (print) 0020-7489

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Abstract

AIM: To identify the specific management behaviours associated with the effective management of stress in nursing; and to build a stress management competency framework that can be integrated and compared with nurse management frameworks. BACKGROUND: Workplace stress is a significant problem in healthcare, especially within nursing. While there is a reasonable consensus regarding the sources of stress and its impact on health and well-being, little is known about the specific line manager behaviours that are associated with the effective and ineffective management of stress. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews using critical incident technique were conducted with 41 employees working within 5 National Health Service (NHS) trusts within the United Kingdom. Data were transcribed and analysed using content analysis. FINDINGS: 19 competencies (or sets of behaviour) were identified in the management of stress in employees. The 3 most frequently reported competencies: managing workload and resources, individual consideration and participative approach, are discussed in detail with illustrative quotes. CONCLUSIONS: Managers are vital in the reduction and management of stress at work. Importantly, the 2 of the 3 dominant competencies, managing workload and resources and individual consideration, do not feature in the UK's NHS Knowledge and Skills Framework, suggesting there are important skills gaps with regard to managing workplace stress. The implications of this approach for training and development, performance appraisal and assessment are discussed. Interventions to support managers develop effective behaviours are required to help reduce and manage stress at work.

Item Type: Article
Research Area: Psychology
Nursing and midwifery
Business and management studies
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Business and Law
Faculty of Business and Law > Centre for Research in Employment, Skills and Society (CRESS)
Faculty of Business and Law > Kingston Business School (Leadership, HRM and Organisation) (until July 2013)
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Rachel Lewis
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2011 14:19
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2012 14:27
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/18700

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