Validation of VARK learning modalities questionnaire using Rasch analysis

Fitkov-Norris, Elena and Yeghiazarian, Ara (2015) Validation of VARK learning modalities questionnaire using Rasch analysis. In: 2014 Joint IMEKO (International Measurement Confederation) TC1-TC7-TC13 Symposium: Measurement Science Behind Safety and Security; 03 - 05 Sep 2014, Madeira, Portugal. ISSN (print) 1742-6588


This article discusses the application of Rasch analysis to assess the internal validity of a four sub-scale VARK (Visual, Auditory, Read/Write and Kinaesthetic) learning styles instrument. The results from the analysis show that the Rasch model fits the majority of the VARK questionnaire data and the sample data support the internal validity of the four sub-constructs at 1% level of significance for all but one item. While this suggests that the instrument could potentially be used as a predictor for a person’s learning preference orientation, further analysis is necessary to confirm the invariability of the instrument across different user groups across factors such as gender, age, educational and cultural background.

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