The transnational reaction to 1968: Neo-fascist national fronts and political cultures in France and Italy

Mammone, Andrea (2008) The transnational reaction to 1968: Neo-fascist national fronts and political cultures in France and Italy. Contemporary European History, 17(2), pp. 213-236. ISSN (print) 0960-7773

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Abstract

A transnational analysis of neo-fascism in France and Italy can elucidate historical processes that are usually only analysed within a specific national context or deemed to be by-products of individual nation-states. This article highlights the crucial importance of 1968 in the development of neo-fascist electoral and political strategies in both countries, as well as in the rise of extremist cultural activism. It reveals similar reactions to the hegemony of the political left over popular and youth culture as well as a striking commonality of ideals. Through the examination of a relatively brief period (1968 to the end of the 1970s), this article attempts to demonstrate patterns of cross-fertilisation, ideological transfer and the prominence of the Movimento Sociale Italiano which strongly influenced the French neo-fascists in the establishment of the Front national. The importance, and the trans-border impact, of the Nouvelle Droite in the cultural milieu and its attempt to update neo-fascist and racist ideals is also highlighted.

Item Type: Article
Research Area: History
Politics and international studies
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Science (until November 2012)
Depositing User: Andrea Mammone
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2009 11:25
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2013 15:22
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/6387

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