The antecedents of violence and aggression within psychiatric in-patient settings

Papadopoulos, C., Ross, J., Stewart, D., Dack, C., James, K. and Bowers, L. (2012) The antecedents of violence and aggression within psychiatric in-patient settings. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 125(6), pp. 425-439. ISSN (print) 0001-690X

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the types and proportions of antecedents of violence and aggression within psychiatric in-patient settings. METHOD: Empirical articles and reports with primary data pertaining to violence and aggression within adult psychiatric in-patient settings were retrieved. For each study, prospective antecedent data were extracted. The extracted antecedent data were thematically analysed, and all higher-level themes were meta-analysed using rate data. RESULTS: Seventy-one studies met the inclusion criteria, from which 59 distinct antecedent themes were identified and organised into nine higher-level themes. The higher-level antecedent theme 'staff-patient interaction' was the most frequent type of antecedent overall, precipitating an estimated 39% of all violent/aggressive incidents. An examination of the staff-patient interaction themes revealed that limiting patients freedoms, by either placing some sort of restriction or denying a patient request, was the most frequent precursor of incidents, accounting for an estimated 25% of all antecedents. The higher-level themes 'patient behavioural cues' and 'no clear cause' also produced other large estimates and were attributed to 38% and 33% of incidents overall. CONCLUSION: This review underscores the influence that staff have in making in-patient psychiatric wards safe and efficacious environments.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: psychiatry, violence, aggression, meta-analysis, review of the literature
Research Area: Health services research
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences (until 2013)
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Depositing User: Karen James
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2016 09:17
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2016 09:17
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/35246

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