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The effects of a single dose of concentrated beetroot juice on performance in trained flatwater kayakers

Muggeridge, David J., Howe, Christopher C. F., Spendiff, Owen, Pedlar, Charles, James, Philip E. and Easton, Chris (2013) The effects of a single dose of concentrated beetroot juice on performance in trained flatwater kayakers. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 23(5), pp. 498-506. ISSN (print) 1543-2742

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Abstract

The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of dietary nitrate ingestion on parameters of submaximal and supramaximal exercise and time trial (TT) performance in trained kayakers. Eight male kayakers completed four exercise trials consisting of an initial discontinuous graded exercise test to exhaustion and three performance trials using a kayak ergometer. The performance trials were composed of 15 min paddling at 60% of maximum work rate, five x ten-second all-out sprints and a 1 km TT. The second and third trials were preceded by ingestion of either 70 ml nitrate-rich concentrated beetroot juice (BR) or tomato juice (placebo [PLA]) 3 h prior to exercise using a randomised cross-over design. Plasma nitrate (PLA: 33.8 ± 1.9 μM, BR: 152 ± 3.5 μM) and nitrite (PLA: 519.8 ± 25.8, BR: 687.9 ± 20 nM) were higher following ingestion of BR compared to PLA (both P < 0.001). VO2 during steady-state exercise was lower in the BR trial than in the PLA trial (P = 0.010). There was no difference in either peak power in the sprints (P = 0.590) or TT performance between conditions (PLA: 277 ± 5 s, BR: 276 ± 5 s, P = 0.539). Despite a reduction in VO2, BR ingestion appears to have no effect on repeated supramaximal sprint or 1 km TT kayaking performance. A smaller elevation in plasma nitrite following a single dose of nitrate and the individual variability in this response may partly account for these findings.

Item Type: Article
Research Area: Sports-related studies
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing
Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing > School of Life Sciences
Depositing User: Automatic Import Agent
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2013 09:08
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2014 16:08
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/25485

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