A validation study comparing accelerator MS and liquid scintillation counting for analysis of [sup]14C-labelled drugs in plasma, urine and faecal extracts

Garner, R.C., Barker, J., Flavell, C., Garner, J.V., Whattam, M., Young, G.C., Cussans, N., Jezequel, S. and Leong, D. (2000) A validation study comparing accelerator MS and liquid scintillation counting for analysis of [sup]14C-labelled drugs in plasma, urine and faecal extracts. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 24(2), pp. 197-209. ISSN (print) 0731-7085

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Abstract

A comparison has been made between accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) analysis and liquid scintillation counting (LSC) of plasma, urine and faecal samples containing 14C-labelled drugs. In an in vitro study in which human plasma was spiked (the term spiked is used in Section 2.6) with 14C-Fluconazole (14C-FL) over a concentration range of 0.1-2.5 dpm/ml, a correlation coefficient of 0.999 was determined for AMS analysis versus extrapolated LSC data. No significant day to day (or inter-day)variation was seen (P < 0.05 by ANOVA). Coefficients of variation for these analyses ranged from 2.68 to 6.50%. In vivo studies in which rats were given a high (11.5 microCi/kg) or low (18.1 nCi/kg) radioactive dose (to model an exposure of 0.9 microSievert to man) of 14C-Fluticasone propionate(14C-FP) showed that there was also a good correspondence between AMS and LSC data. A mass balance study in a single the faeces by 96 h; less than 1% of the administered dose was excreted in the urine. The limit of reliable measurement of drug related material, above background concentrations, by AMS analysis in this study was approximately 0.1 dpm/ml for plasma, 0.01 dpm/ml for urine without any sample extraction or concentration and 0.01 dpm/ml for faecal extracts. The data reported here demonstrate that AMS is an ultrasensitive and reliable method for analysing 14C-labelled drugs in human and animal body fluids.

Item Type: Article
Research Area: Allied health professions and studies
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science (until 2011)
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Depositing User: Kim Forbes
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2008
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2016 10:17
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/2457

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