A new methodology for cost-effectiveness studies of domestic radon remediation programmes: quality-adjusted life-years gained within Primary Care Trusts in Central England

Coskeran, Thomas, Denman, Antony, Phillips, Paul, Gillmore, Gavin and Tornberg, Roger (2006) A new methodology for cost-effectiveness studies of domestic radon remediation programmes: quality-adjusted life-years gained within Primary Care Trusts in Central England. Science of the Total Environment, 366(1), pp. 32-46. ISSN (print) 0048-9697

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Abstract

Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas, high levels of which are associated with geological formations such as those found in Northamptonshire and North Oxfordshire in the UK. The UK's National Radiological Protection Board have designated both districts as radon Affected Areas. Radiation levels due to radon, therefore, exceed 200 Bq m− 3, the UK's domestic Action Level, in over one percent of domestic properties. Because of radon's radioactivity, exposure to the gas can potentially cause lung cancer, and has been linked to some 2000 deaths a year in the UK. Consequently, when radiation levels exceed the Action Level, remediation against radon's effects is recommended to householders. This study examines the cost-effectiveness of remediation measures in Northamptonshire and North Oxfordshire by estimating cost per quality-adjusted life-year gained in four Primary Care Trusts, organisations that play a key public health policy role in the UK's National Health Service. The study is the first to apply this approach to estimating the cost-effectiveness of radon remediation programmes. Central estimates of cost per quality-adjusted life-year in the four Primary Care Trusts range from £6143 to £10 323. These values, when assessed against generally accepted criteria, suggest the remediation programmes in the trusts were cost-effective. Policy suggestions based on the estimates, and designed to improve cost-effectiveness further, are proposed for the four Primary Care Trusts and the UK's National Health Service.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Radon remediation; Lung cancer; Primary Care Trusts; Cost-effectiveness
Research Area: Earth systems and environmental sciences
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science (until 2011) > School of Geography, Geology and Environment > Centre for Earth and Environmental Science Research (CEESR)
Depositing User: Gavin Gillmore
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2007
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2008 17:22
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/1668

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