AC133[sup]+ umbilical cord blood progenitors demonstrate rapid self-renewal and low apoptosis

Forraz, Nicolas, Pettengell, Ruth, Deglesne, Pierre-Antoine and McGuckin, Colin P. (2002) AC133[sup]+ umbilical cord blood progenitors demonstrate rapid self-renewal and low apoptosis. British Journal Of Haematology, 119(2), pp. 516-524. ISSN (print) 0007-1048


Umbilical cord blood (UCB) provides immediate access to haemopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPC) but low cell number restricts use in full adult bone marrow reconstitution. This study investigated early ex vivo expansion kinetics of UCB AC133+ cells (2-4 x 10(4)/ml), mononuclear cells (MNC, 1-2 x 10(6)/ml) and AC133negative cells (AC133(neg), 2-4 x 10(4)/ml) in stroma-free 8 d liquid culture (fetal bovine serum-supplemented Iscove's-modified Dulbecco's medium (IMDM) with either 'K36EG'[c-Kit ligand, interleukin 3 (IL-3), IL-6, erythropoietin, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor] or 'TPOFL' (thrombopoietin, Flt-3 ligand). Cell enumeration, apoptosis assay and AC133/CD34/CD38 antigen immunophenotyping were performed at d 0, 3, 5 and 8. All three cell populations went through a proliferation lag phase between d 3 and d 5. AC133+ cells recovered better from lag phase with significantly higher fold increase (FI) when compared with MNC and AC133(neg) populations (K36EG FI: 15.04 +/- 5.46; TPOFL FI: 8.59 +/- 2.92, P < 0.05). After 8 d, populations lacking AC133+ cells were significantly more inclined to undergo apoptosis under proliferative conditions (P < 0.01). Also, when compared with K36EG, 8 d TPOFL-expanded AC133+ cells encompassed a significantly higher percentage of AC133+ and CD34+ early HSPC (K36EG: 20.50 +/- 2.36; TPOFL: 47.00 +/- 7.69; P < 0.05). In conclusion, TPOFL synergism demonstrated the potential for AC133+ HSPC ex vivo expansion inducing self-renewal, early HSPC maintenance and promoting cell survival status.

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