Gli orfani del duce. I Fascisti dal 1943 al 1946

Mammone, Andrea (2005) Gli orfani del duce. I Fascisti dal 1943 al 1946. Italia contemporanea: la rivista, 239-24(2), pp. 249-274. ISSN (print) 0392-3568


Italian neo-Fascism, at least as a psychological attitude, was born and developed since 1943, later finding its natural political and parliamentary representation with the birth of the Movimento Sociale Italiano by the end of 1946. One cannot therefore understand the profile of the party militants � their ideological entrenchment, their almost maniacal defence of their own identity, their sort of closed-mindedness towards the outer world, their permanent cult of the myth of Mussolini � without due consideration of the period going from 8th September 1943 up to the party foundation on 26th December 1946, during which Mussolini�s followers had to face the armistice, the civil war, the republican experience, clandestine activity, the problems of veterans in the post-war period and the burden of being Fascist in a country willing to repudiate its recent past. This historical transition, marked by mixed feelings of loyalty, loneliness and revenge, would indeed mould the neo-Fascist people and ideals. Hence the present reconstruction, strictly focused on those who refused to betray the Duce and joined the Salò republic, and inspired by the assumption that those eventful years were to influence the MSI more than any other party of the reborn Italian democracy.

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