Determination of optimal crew size in project segmentation to minimize cost

Odedairo, Babatunde Omoniyi, Ogunsanya, Bukunmi and Anaro, Berkly Ogagaoghene (2014) Determination of optimal crew size in project segmentation to minimize cost. Industrial Engineering Letters, 4(11), pp. 15-23. ISSN (print) 2224-6096


Stakeholders and contracting board have begun to utilize innovative contracting methods that provide new incentives for reducing construction duration. These methods have placed increasing pressure on decision makers in the construction industry to search for an optimal construction plan that minimizes construction time and cost while preserving quality. This paper considers the problem of finding the optimal number of segment(s) that minimizes total project cost of a non-homogenous road construction project located in a city in South West, Nigeria. A mathematical programming model approach was adopted to obtain the optimal number of segments as opposed to when the activities of the project are scheduled sequentially. Also, Binary interaction matrix (BIM) was used to define stated relationships between fixed and variable quantities of the cost and duration respectively. Given stipulated due date of 8 months with a penalty / bonus of N 63091791/month. The analysis shows that the optimal number of segments into which the project can be divided into is three and that by working in parallel the project will be completed in 5 months at a cost of N1,409,609,413. This is opposed to the original contract lump sum of N 1, 577, 294, 775 with a normal duration of 12 months. A saving of 1.55% was realized. This work demonstrated the possibility of dividing a continuous repetitive project into a numbers of segments of equal work content, working in parallel, using optimum crew size such that the duration and the total cost of the project can be minimized.

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