The metacognitions about smoking questionnaire

Nikcevic, A.V., Caselli, Gabriele, Wells, Adrian and Spada, Marcantonio M. (2016) The metacognitions about smoking questionnaire. In: The 3rd International Conference of Metacognitive Therapy; 08 - 09 Apr 2016, Milan, Italy. (Unpublished)


Recent research has suggested that metacognitions may play a role in smoking. We investigated what the psychometric properties of the Metacognitions about Smoking Questionnaire are and if it can predict behaviour. Three samples of smokers (n=222, n=143, n=25) were employed to test the structure and psychometric properties of the Metacognitions about Smoking Questionnaire (MSQ) and examine its capacity to predict smoking behaviour. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported a four-factor solution comprising of positive metacognitions about cognitive regulation, positive metacognitions about emotional regulation, negative metacognitions about uncontrollability, and negative metacognitions about cognitive interference. Internal consistency, predictive and divergent validity, and temporal stability were found to be acceptable. Our findings also showed that metacognitions factors correlated positively with daily cigarette use and levels of nicotine dependence, and contributed to the prediction of these outcomes over and above smoking outcome expectancies. The implications of these findings in terms of the conceptualization of smoking behavior and its treatment are discussed.

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