Human rights

Giupponi, Belén Olmos (2020) Human rights. In: Kaltmeier, Olaf , Tittor, Anne , Hawkins, Daniel and Rohland, Eleonora, (eds.) The Routledge handbook to the political economy and governance of the Americas. Abingdon, U.K. : Routledge. pp. 371-382. ISBN 9780815352686


Military to military ties are the avenues of influence, including foreign sales, assistance, training, and education. In the post-Cold War era, the degree of influence the United State (US) exerts and to what purpose is exemplified by the military educational programs that constitute a form of soft power projection. In the post-Cold War years, the United States has been unmatched militarily. The Soviet Union had collapsed and with that, so too did the East–West ideological rivalry which had previously given impetus to some US interventions, though other more economically motivated interventions had also occurred. Human Rights Watch detailed the “false positive” scandal, where under intense pressure to produce results in its war against the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, Colombian commanders killed innocent civilians, dressed them in guerrilla fatigues and then claimed these as enemy combatant fatalities. The US can be described historically as an episodic hegemon. Its influence ebbs and flows depending on regional and international conditions.

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