Polymer–magnetic composite fibers for remote-controlled drug release

Perera, Ayomi S., Zhang, Siqi, Homer-Vanniasinkam, Shervanthi, Coppens, Marc-Olivier and Edirisinghe, Mohan (2018) Polymer–magnetic composite fibers for remote-controlled drug release. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 10(18), pp. 15524-15531. ISSN (print) 1944-8244


An efficient method is reported, for the fabrication of composite microfibers that can be magnetically actuated and are biocompatible, targeting controlled drug release. Aqueous solutions of polyvinyl alcohol, incorporated with citric acid-coated Fe₃O₄ magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), are subject to infusion gyration to generate 100–300 nm diameter composite fibers, with controllable MNP loading. The fibers are stable in polar solvents, such as ethanol, and do not show any leaching of MNPs for over 4 weeks. Using acetaminophen as an example, we demonstrate that this material is effective in immobilization and triggered release of drugs, which is achieved by a moving external magnetic field. The remote actuation ability, coupled with biocompatibility and lightweight property, renders enormous potential for these fibers to be used as a smart drug release agent.

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