Overview and introduction to autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

Al-Dewik, Nader, Al-Jurf, Rana, Styles, Meghan, Tahtamouni, Sona, Alsharshani, Dalal, Alsharshani, Mohammed, Ahmad, Amal I, Khattab, Azhar, Al Rifai, Hilal and Walid Qoronfleh, M (2020) Overview and introduction to autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In: Qoronfleh,, M. Walid,, (ed.) Personalized food intervention and therapy for autism spectrum disorder management. Cham, Switzerland : Springer Nature. pp. 3-42. (Advances in Neurobiology, (24)) ISSN (print) 2190-5215 ISBN 97830304010


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder generally manifesting in the first few years of life and tending to persist into adolescence and adulthood. It is characterized by deficits in communication and social interaction and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities. It is a disorder with multifactorial etiology. In this chapter, we will focus on the most important and common epidemiological studies, pathogenesis, screening, and diagnostic tools along with an explication of genetic testing in ASD.

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