Recovery and adaptation from repeated intermittent sprint exercise

Leeder, Jonathan D.C., van Someran, Ken A., Gaze, Dave, Jewell, Andrew, Deshmukh, Nawed, Shah, Iltaf, Barker, James and Howatson, Glyn (2014) Recovery and adaptation from repeated intermittent sprint exercise. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 9(3), pp. 489-496. ISSN (print) 1555-0265


PURPOSE: This investigation aimed to 1) ascertain a detailed physiological profile of recovery from intermittent sprint exercise on athletes familiar with the exercise, and 2) investigate if athletes receive a protective effect on markers of exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD), inflammation and oxidative stress following a repeated exposure to an identical bout of intermittent sprint exercise. METHODS: Eight well trained male team sport athletes of National League or English University Premier Division standard (mean ± SD age 23 ± 3 years; VO2max 54.8 ± 4.6 ml·kg-1·min-1) completed the Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test (LIST) on two occasions, separated by 14 days. Maximal isometric voluntary contraction (MIVC), counter-movement jump (CMJ), creatine kinase (CK), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), F2-isoprostanes and muscle soreness (DOMS) were measured before, and up to 72 h following the initial, and repeated LIST. RESULTS: MIVC, CMJ, CK, IL-6 and DOMS all showed main effects for time (P < 0.05) following the LIST indicating EIMD was present. DOMS peaked at 24 h following LIST 1 (110±53 mm) and was attenuated following LIST 2 (56±39 mm), and was the only dependent variable to demonstrate a reduction in the second bout (P = 0.008). All other markers indicated EIMD were not different between bouts. CONCLUSION: Well-trained games players experienced EIMD following exposure to both exercise tests, despite being accustomed to the exercise type. This suggests well-trained athletes receive a very limited protective effect from the first bout

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