Functional characterisation of hemokinin-1 in mouse uterus.

Patak, E, Pennefather, J.N, Gozali, M, Candenas, L, Kerr, K, Exintaris, B, Ziccone, S, Potteck, H, Chetty, N, Page, N.M, Pinto, F and (2008) Functional characterisation of hemokinin-1 in mouse uterus. European Journal of Pharmacology, 601(1-3), pp. 148-153. ISSN (print) 0014-2999


The preprotachykinin gene Tac4 expressed in murine uterus and placenta is thought to encode a peptide RSRTRQFYGLM-NH(2), mouse hemokinin 1. We have examined the uterotonic effects of mouse hemokinin 1 and its N-terminally truncated analogue, mouse hemokinin 1(2-11) on mouse uterus. Mouse hemokinin 1(2-11) was equieffective with but slightly less potent than substance P in tissues from non-pregnant Swiss mice. On myometrium from Balb C mice primed with oestrogen the positions of concentration-response curves to substance P and the mouse hemokinins were similar to those of neurokinin A, but the maximum responses were lower. The tachykinin NK(1) receptor antagonist, 1-{2-(3, 4-dichlorophenyl)-1-(3-isopropoxyphenylacetyl) piperidin-3-yl]ethyl}-4phenyl-1-azonia-bicyclo[2.2.2]octane (SR 140333), reduced the effects of the agonists in tissues from both groups of mice. In myometria from late pregnant (Days 17-18) Balb C mice the responses to mouse hemokinin 1(2-11) were less potent than in those from oestrogen-primed mice. Human hemokinin 1, the human orthologue of mouse hemokinin 1, was more effective than mouse hemokinin 1(2-11), while endokinin D was inactive. Mouse hemokinin 1 effects were blocked by SR 140333 alone and in combination with ((S)-N-methyl-N[4-acetylamino-4-phenylpiperidino)-2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)butyl]benzamide (SR 48968) but not by SR 48968 alone. Thus the mouse hemokinins are tachykinin NK(1) receptor-preferring uterotonic agonists in non-pregnant mice but lack action at the myometrial tachykinin NK(2) receptors present in late pregnant mice.

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