Characterization of a lineage-negative stem-progenitor cell population optimized for ex vivo expansion and enriched for LTC-IC

Forraz, Nicolas, Pettengell, Ruth and McGuckin, Colin P (2004) Characterization of a lineage-negative stem-progenitor cell population optimized for ex vivo expansion and enriched for LTC-IC. Stem Cells, 22(1), pp. 100-108. ISSN (print) 1066-5099

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Current hematopoietic stem cell transplantation protocols rely heavily upon CD34+ cells to estimate hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) yield. We and others previously reported CD133+ cells to represent a more primitive cell population than their CD34+ counterparts. However, both CD34+ and CD133+ cells still encompass cells at various stages of maturation, possibly impairing long-term marrow engraftment. Recent studies demonstrated that cells lacking CD34 and hematopoietic lineage markers have the potential of reconstituting long-term in vivo hematopoiesis. We report here an optimized, rapid negative-isolation method that depletes umbilical cord blood (UCB) mononucleated cells (MNC) from cells expressing hematopoietic markers (CD45, glycophorin-A, CD38, CD7, CD33, CD56, CD16, CD3, and CD2) and isolates a discrete lineage-negative (Lin-) cell population (0.10% +/- 0.02% MNC, n=12). This primitive Lin- cell population encompassed CD34+/- and CD133+/- HSPC and was also enriched for surface markers involved in HSPC migration, adhesion, and homing to the bone marrow (CD164, CD162, and CXCR4). Moreover, our depletion method resulted in Lin- cells being highly enriched for long-term culture-initiating cells when compared with both CD133+ cells and MNC. Furthermore, over 8 weeks in liquid culture stimulated by a cytokine cocktail optimized for HSPC expansion, TPOFLK (thrombopoietin 10 ng/ml, Flt3 ligand 50 ng/ml, c-Kit ligand 20 ng/ml) Lin- cells underwent slow proliferation but maintained/expanded more primitive HSPC than CD133+ cells. Therefore, our Lin- stem cell offers a promising alternative to current HSPC selection methods. Additionally, this work provides an optimized and well-characterized cell population for expansion of UCB for a wider therapeutic potential, including adult stem cell transplantation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: negative selection, stem cells, LTC-IC, CD34, ex vivo expansion, umbilical-cord blood, human hematopoietic-cells, human bone-marrow, limiting dilution analysis, culture-initiating cells, human fetal liver, functional-characterization, in-vitro, transendothelial migration, adhesion molecules
Research Area: Chemistry
Biological sciences
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science (until 2011) > School of Life Sciences
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Depositing User: Automatic Import Agent
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2010 10:08
Last Modified: 24 May 2011 10:41

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