Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and sex hormone concentrations in ringed and grey seals : a possible link to endocrine disruption?

Troisi, G. M., Barton, S. J., Liori, O. and Nyman, M. (2020) Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and sex hormone concentrations in ringed and grey seals : a possible link to endocrine disruption? Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 78(4), pp. 513-524. ISSN (print) 0090-4341

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Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are recognised reproductive and immune system toxicants in marine mammals mediated by endocrine-disrupting mechanisms. As with other predators, seals are exposed to elevated bioaccumulated concentrations of PCBs and other persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Cryopreserved plasma samples from adult ringed (Phoca hispida; n = 39) and grey (Halichoerus grypus; n = 38) seals, sampled between 1998 and 2002 from Baltic Sea, Svalbard, and Sable Island (Canada) were used to investigate relationships between PCB exposure and sex hormone concentrations (progesterone; P4, 17α-hydroxy progesterone; 17α-OH-P4, testosterone; T4, 17β-estradiol; E2, estrone; E3). Immunoassay methods were used for quantification of analytes due to the limited sample volumes available. PCB concentrations were found to be significantly higher in Baltic seals than other sampling locations and were classed as "Exposed" seals while Svalbard and Sable Is seal were classed "Reference" seals (sexes and species separate). Mean hormone concentrations in Exposed seal were lower than Reference seals, and this was statistically significantly for 17α-OH-P4 (both sexes and both species), E2 (ringed and grey seal females), and E3 (grey seal females). Regression analyses (PCB v hormone concentrations) for each sex and species revealed significant correlations for P4 (Sable Is. female grey seals and female ringed seals), 17α-OH-P4 (Sable Is. male grey seals and Svalbard male ringed seals), T4 (Svalbard male ringed seals), E2 (female ringed seals), and E3 (female ringed seals and Baltic female grey seals). Although significant correlations are not evidence of cause and effect, the potential impact of hormone changes on endocrine homeostasis and reproductive health for seal populations warrants further investigation given that PCB concentrations found here are in the same range as those currently reported in seals from these populations.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This work was supported by Kingston University.
Research Area: Biological sciences
Chemistry
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing
Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing > School of Life Sciences, Pharmacy and Chemistry
SWORD Depositor: Mr Jisc Router
Depositing User: Mr Jisc Router
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2020 11:55
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2020 12:34
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-020-00716-z
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/45184

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