Development and application of two novel monoclonal antibodies against overexpressed CD26 and integrin α3 in human pancreatic cancer

Arias-Pinilla, Gustavo A., Dalgleish, Angus G., Mudan, Satvinder, Bagwan, Izhar, Walker, Anthony J. and Modjtahedi, Helmout (2020) Development and application of two novel monoclonal antibodies against overexpressed CD26 and integrin α3 in human pancreatic cancer. Scientific Reports, 10, p. 537. ISSN (online) 2045-2322

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Abstract

Monoclonal antibody (mAb) technology is an excellent tool for the discovery of overexpressed cell surface tumour antigens and the development of targeting agents. Here, we report the development of two novel mAbs against CFPAC-1 human pancreatic cancer cells. Using ELISA, flow cytometry, immunoprecipitation, mass spectrometry, Western blot and immunohistochemistry, we found that the target antigens recognised by the two novel mAbs KU44.22B and KU44.13A, are integrin α3 and CD26 respectively, with high levels of expression in human pancreatic and other cancer cell lines and human pancreatic cancer tissue microarrays. Treatment with naked anti-CD26 mAb KU44.13A did not have any effect on the growth and migration of cancer cells nor did it induce receptor downregulation. In contrast, treatment with anti-integrin α3 mAb KU44.22B inhibited growth in vitro of Capan-2 cells, increased migration of BxPC-3 and CFPAC-1 cells and induced antibody internalisation. Both novel mAbs are capable of detecting their target antigens by immunohistochemistry but not by Western blot. These antibodies are excellent tools for studying the role of integrin α3 and CD26 in the complex biology of pancreatic cancer, their prognostic and predictive values and the therapeutic potential of their humanised and/or conjugated versions in patients whose tumours overexpress integrin α3 or CD26.

Item Type: Article
Research Area: Biological sciences
Other laboratory based clinical subjects
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing
Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing > School of Life Sciences, Pharmacy and Chemistry
Depositing User: Philip Keates
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2020 14:25
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2020 14:59
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-57287-w
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/44935

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