A review of bioanalytical techniques for evaluation of cannabis (Marijuana, weed, Hashish) in human hair

Shah, Iltaf, Al-Dabbagh, Bayan, Salem, Alaa Eldin, Hamid, Saber A.A., Muhammad, Neak and Naughton, Declan P. (2019) A review of bioanalytical techniques for evaluation of cannabis (Marijuana, weed, Hashish) in human hair. BMC Chemistry, 13(106), ISSN (online) 2661-801X

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Abstract

Cannabis products (marijuana, weed, hashish) are among the most widely abused psychoactive drugs in the world, due to their euphorigenic and anxiolytic properties. Recently, hair analysis is of great interest in analytical, clinical, and forensic sciences due to its non-invasiveness, negligible risk of infection and tampering, facile storage, and a wider window of detection. Hair analysis is now widely accepted as evidence in courts around the world. Hair analysis is very feasible to complement saliva, blood tests, and urinalysis. In this review, we have focused on state of the art in hair analysis of cannabis with particular attention to hair sample preparation for cannabis analysis involving pulverization, extraction and screening techniques followed by confirmatory tests (e.g., GC–MS and LC–MS/MS). We have reviewed the literature for the past 10 years’ period with special emphasis on cannabis quantification using mass spectrometry. The pros and cons of all the published methods have also been discussed along with the prospective future of cannabis analysis.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This work was supported by the United Arab Emirates University [Start-Up Research Funding Grant #31S213].
Research Area: Allied health professions and studies
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing
Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing > School of Life Sciences, Pharmacy and Chemistry
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Depositing User: Declan Naughton
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2019 14:45
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2019 14:45
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13065-019-0627-2
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/43778

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