A review of the utility of EEG depth of anaesthesia monitors in the paediatric intensive care environment.

McKeever, Stephen, Johnston, Linda and Davidson, Andrew (2012) A review of the utility of EEG depth of anaesthesia monitors in the paediatric intensive care environment. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 28(5), pp. 294-303. ISSN (print) 0964-3397

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES This paper aims to bring together current evidence regarding the use of depth of anaesthesia monitors (DoAM) as objective measures of sedation for paediatric intensive care (PIC) patients. BACKGROUND Delivering appropriate dosages of sedative agents, to individual PIC patients, is important to reduce the many risks of over- or under-sedation. Although based on adult anaesthesia, DoAMs could offer increased objectivity to the titration of sedative agents for children in PIC. This article synthesises the current available evidence from studies investigating DoAM use in the PIC environment. METHOD Literature regarding DoAM use in PIC was reviewed, from 1996 and August 2011, after EMBASE, PubMed, CINAHL and ProQuest Dissertation & Theses Database were searched using key search terms. FINDINGS Fourteen original research articles addressing sedation assessment using DoAMs in PIC were identified. The main findings were that DoAMs generally have a moderate or poor correlation with sedation scores and their performance varies in varying clinical settings. DoAMs do not make reliable conclusions about depth of sedation of individual PIC children, and can be influenced by children's age. CONCLUSION Evidence to support DoAMs in the PIC setting is currently not sufficient to advocate their routine use in clinical practice.

Item Type: Article
Research Area: Nursing and midwifery
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Health, Social Care and Education
Faculty of Health, Social Care and Education > School of Nursing
Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences (until 2013)
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Depositing User: Stephen Mckeever
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2019 08:27
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2019 08:27
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2012.01.010
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/43755

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