The impact of car ownership and public transport usage on cancer screening coverage: Empirical evidence using a spatial analysis in England

Wang, Chao (2016) The impact of car ownership and public transport usage on cancer screening coverage: Empirical evidence using a spatial analysis in England. Journal of Transport Geography, 56, pp. 15-22. ISSN (print) 0966-6923

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Abstract

A spatial analysis has been conducted in England, with the aim to examine the impact of car ownership and public transport usage on breast and cervical cancer screening coverage. District-level cancer screening coverage data (in proportions) and UK census data have been collected and linked. Their effects on cancer screening coverage were modelled by using both non-spatial and spatial models to control for spatial correlation. Significant spatial correlation has been observed and thus spatial model is preferred. It is found that increased car ownership is significantly associated with improved breast and cervical cancer screening coverage. Public transport usage is inversely associated with breast cancer screening coverage; but positively associated with cervical cancer screening. An area with higher median age is associated with higher screening coverage. The effects of other socio-economic factors such as deprivation and economic activity have also been explored with expected results. Some regional differences have been observed, possibly due to unobserved factors. Relevant transport and public health policies are thus required for improved coverage. While restricting access to cars may lead to various benefits in public health, it may also result in worse cancer screening uptake. It is thus recommended that careful consideration should be taken before implementing policy interventions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This work was supported by Cancer Research UK [grant number: C569/A16891].
Uncontrolled Keywords: cancer screening; car ownership; England; public
Research Area: Cancer studies
Epidemiology and public health
Health services research
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Health, Social Care and Education (until 2017)
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Chao Wang
Date Deposited: 22 May 2019 14:17
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 14:20
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/42895

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