Relationship between endothelial cell dysfunction and insulin signalling and resistance in pre-eclampsia

Ghosh, Anshuman (2018) Relationship between endothelial cell dysfunction and insulin signalling and resistance in pre-eclampsia. (MSc(R) thesis), Kingston University, .

Full text available as:
[img]
Preview
Text
Ghosh-A.pdf - Submitted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (5MB) | Preview

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the thesis was to investigate the hypothesis that (i) Changes in endothelial cell insulin signalling occur in pre-eclampsia, secondary to underlying endothelial dysfunction, resulting in insulin resistance, (ii) Impaired endothelial cell insulin signalling results in reduced tissue delivery of insulin and reduced GLUT-4 activation, and (iii) Impaired microvascular blood flow results in insulin resistance. Methods: Filtrass strain-gauge plethysmograph was used to measure human calf blood flow in women with pre-eclampsia and normotensive controls. Biochemical markers of endothelial dysfunction, ICAM-1, VCAM-1. TNF, eSelectin, Thrombomodulin, and cellular marker, CEC, provided information regarding endothelial dysfunction. Insulin resistance was calculated using HOMA. Cells were cultured in normotensive and pre-eclamptic serum to study the insulin signalling pathway, using flow cytometry and western Blot. Results: In this cross-sectional study, microvascular blood flow was reduced in the pre-eclamptic cohort, compared to normotensive controls. Insulin resistance was also increased in women with pre-eclampsia. Endothelial cell insulin receptor expression and Akt expression were reduced in the pre-eclamptic participants, compared to normotensive pregnant controls. However, there was no significant difference in total insulin receptor protein and Akt protein in between the two groups. There was also no difference in endothelial cell GLUT 4 expression in between the groups. Conclusion: Insulin Resistance in pre-eclampsia, correlates with endothelial dysfunction and microvascular blood flow. Although expression of insulin receptors and Akt in endothelial cells, are reduced in pre-eclampsia, this does not correlate with insulin resistance. Furthermore, as there is no change in endothelial cell GLUT4 expression, in between the two cohorts, it is unlikely to explain the Insulin Resistance seen in pre-eclampsia.

Item Type: Thesis (MSc(R))
Physical Location: This item is held in stock at Kingston University library.
Research Area: Pharmacy
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing > School of Life Sciences, Pharmacy and Chemistry
Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing
Depositing User: Kevin Hiscox
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2019 10:18
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2019 10:18
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/42586

Actions (Repository Editors)

Item Control Page Item Control Page