Are goal-focused, motivational text messages effective at improving patients' beliefs in their own ability (self-efficacy) to complete inhaled therapies in adults with cystic fibrosis

Channon, K., Reilly, C. C., Massey-Chase, R., Elston, C. and Nikoletou, D. (2018) Are goal-focused, motivational text messages effective at improving patients' beliefs in their own ability (self-efficacy) to complete inhaled therapies in adults with cystic fibrosis. In: 41st European Cystic Fibrosis Conference; 06 - 09 June 2018, Belgrade, Serbia. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Objectives: It is suggested that the use of digital technologies can improve both patients experience and engagement with health care, especially for patients with chronic conditions. The aim of this study is to explore whether goal-focused, motivational text messages are effective at improving patient’s belief in their own ability (self-efficacy) to complete inhaled therapies in adults with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). This is part of a wider study which was completed as part of a Masters in Clinical Research. Method: Feasibility and acceptability, exploratory study. Inclusion criteria: I-neb user, adherence to inhaled therapy ≤ 50% and ready to change behaviour towards inhaled therapy (assessed using Readiness to Change Scale). Patients excluded were those currently receiving home visits for adherence support. Baseline measures were recorded; including self-efficacy measured using the Generalised Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE). Short and long term SMARTgoals specific to inhaled therapy adherence were set collaboratively. Subsequently patients received twice weekly goal-focused motivational text messages over 1 month. Results: 14 patients were screened. 11 met the inclusion criteria and consented to participate (8 females, 3 males; median FEV1 2.06L). 2 of the 11 participants withdrew from the study early due to an infective exacerbation requiring intravenous antibiotics. Individual patient improvements were observed in GSE scores pre - post intervention in 8/11 participants; GSE pre (median 28, interquartile (IQR) range 26–30), GSE post (median 32, IQR 30–33). Change in GSE (median 2, IQR 0–4). Conclusion: Improvements in patient’s self-efficacy with regards to nebulised therapy were observed following receipt of goal-focused motivational text messages. Further research is needed to explore which patients will respond best to this type of intervention, and whether these short term improvements could be sustained or further improved with a longer intervention.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Event Title: 41st European Cystic Fibrosis Conference
Additional Information: An abstract of this paper was published in Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 2018, 17 (Supplement 3), within a section called Abstracts of the 41st European Cystic Fibrosis Conference. It is on p. S22.
Research Area: Allied health professions and studies
Health services research
Primary care and other community based clinical subjects
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Health, Social Care and Education > School of Allied Health, Midwifery and Social Care
Depositing User: Dimitra Nikoletou
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2018 13:55
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2018 13:55
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1569-1993(18)30187-5
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/41227

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