Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on employees' mental health : a systematic review

Janssen, Math, Heerkens, Yvonne, Kuijer, Wietske, Van Der Heijden, Beatrice and Engels, Josephine (2018) Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on employees' mental health : a systematic review. PLoS One, 13(1), e0191332. ISSN (online) 1932-6203

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OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this exploratory study was to obtain greater insight into the effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) on the mental health of employees. METHODS: Using PsycINFO, PubMed, and CINAHL, we performed a systematic review in October 2015 of studies investigating the effects of MBSR and MBCT on various aspects of employees' mental health. Studies with a pre-post design (i.e. without a control group) were excluded. RESULTS: 24 articles were identified, describing 23 studies: 22 on the effects of MBSR and 1 on the effects of MBSR in combination with some aspects of MBCT. Since no study focused exclusively on MBCT, its effects are not described in this systematic review. Of the 23 studies, 2 were of high methodological quality, 15 were of medium quality and 6 were of low quality. A meta-analysis was not performed due to the emergent and relatively uncharted nature of the topic of investigation, the exploratory character of this study, and the diversity of outcomes in the studies reviewed. Based on our analysis, the strongest outcomes were reduced levels of emotional exhaustion (a dimension of burnout), stress, psychological distress, depression, anxiety, and occupational stress. Improvements were found in terms of mindfulness, personal accomplishment (a dimension of burnout), (occupational) self-compassion, quality of sleep, and relaxation. CONCLUSION: The results of this systematic review suggest that MBSR may help to improve psychological functioning in employees.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This work was supported by NWO, Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (Den Haag, The Netherlands), [file number: 023.007.051].
Research Area: Business and management studies
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Kingston Business School
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Depositing User: Katrina Clifford
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2018 08:54
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2018 15:04
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0191332
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/40482

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