Association between stressful life events and psychotic experiences in adolescence : evidence for gene-environment correlations

Shakoor, Sania, Zavos, Helena, Haworth, Claire, McGuire, Phillip, Cardno, Alastair, Freeman, Daniel and Ronald, Angelica (2016) Association between stressful life events and psychotic experiences in adolescence : evidence for gene-environment correlations. In: Life History Research Society Meeting; 25 - 28 May 2016, Amsterdam, Netherlands. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Background: Stressful life events (SLEs) are associated with psychotic experiences (PEs). SLEs might act as an environmental risk factor, but may also share a genetic propensity with PEs. Aims: Estimate the extent to which genetic and environmental factors influence the relationship between SLEs and PEs. Method: Self and parent-reports from a communitybased twin sample (4,830 16-year-old pairs) were analysed using structural equation modelfitting. Results: SLEs correlated with positive PEs (r = .12-.14, all p<. 001). Modest heritability was shown for PEs (25-57%) and dependent SLEs (32%). Genetic influences explained the majority of the modest covariation between dependent SLEs and paranoia and cognitive disorganisation (bivariate heritabilities = 74-86%). The relationship between SLEs and hallucinations and grandiosity was explained by both genetic and common environmental effects. Conclusion: Further to dependent SLEs being an environmental risk factor, individuals may have an underlying genetic propensity increasing their risk of dependent SLEs and positive PEs.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Event Title: Life History Research Society Meeting
Organising Body: Life History Research Society
Research Area: Psychology
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (until 2017) > School of Psychology, Criminology and Sociology (from November 2012)
Depositing User: Katrina Clifford
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2016 10:40
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2016 10:40
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/35294

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