Advanced wastewater treatment engineering : investigating membrane fouling in both rotational and static membrane bioreactor systems using empirical modelling

Paul, Parneet and Jones, Franck Anderson (2016) Advanced wastewater treatment engineering : investigating membrane fouling in both rotational and static membrane bioreactor systems using empirical modelling. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(1), p. 100. ISSN (print) 1661-7827

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Abstract

Advanced wastewater treatment using membranes are popular environmental system processes since they allow reuse and recycling. However, fouling is a key limiting factor and so proprietary systems such as Avanti’s RPU-185 Flexidisks membrane bioreactor (MBR) use novel rotating membranes to assist in ameliorating it. In earlier research, this rotating process was studied by creating a simulation model based on first principles and traditional fouling mechanisms. In order to directly compare the potential benefits of this rotational system, this follow-up study was carried out using Avanti’s newly developed static (non-rotating) Flexidisks MBR system. The results from operating the static pilot unit were simulated and modelled using the rotational fouling model developed earlier however with rotational switching functions turned off and rotational parameters set to a static mode. The study concluded that a rotating MBR system could increase flux throughput when compared against a similar static system. It is thought that although the slowly rotating spindle induces a weak crossflow shear, it is still able to even out cake build up across the membrane surface, thus reducing the likelihood of localised critical flux being exceeded at the micro level and lessening the potential of rapid trans-membrane pressure increases at the macro level.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This work was supported by the Royal Society.
Uncontrolled Keywords: wastewater, membrane bioreactor (MBR), rotating membranes, fouling, modelling, cake filtration
Research Area: Chemical engineering
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing (until 2017) > School of Civil Engineering and Construction
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Depositing User: Parneet Paul
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2016 12:41
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2019 08:26
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13010100
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/33894

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