Williams syndrome and its cognitive profile: the importance of eye movements

Van Herwegen, Jo (2015) Williams syndrome and its cognitive profile: the importance of eye movements. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 8, pp. 143-151. ISSN (online) 1179-1578

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People with Williams syndrome (WS), a rare neurodevelopmental disorder that is caused by a deletion on the long arm of chromosome 7, often show an uneven cognitive profile with participants performing better on language and face recognition tasks, in contrast to visuospatial and number tasks. Recent studies have shown that this specific cognitive profile in WS is a result of atypical developmental processes that interact with and affect brain development from infancy onward. Using examples from language, face processing, number, and visuospatial studies, this review evaluates current evidence from eye-tracking and developmental studies and argues that domain general processes, such as the ability to plan or execute saccades, influence the development of these domain-specific outcomes. Although more research on eye movements in WS is required, the importance of eye movements for cognitive development suggests a possible intervention pathway to improve cognitive abilities in this population.

Item Type: Article
Research Area: Psychology
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (until 2017) > School of Psychology, Criminology and Sociology (from November 2012)
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Depositing User: Katrina Clifford
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2015 11:28
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2015 10:52
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S63474
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/31326

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