Risk of importing zoonotic diseases through wildlife trade, United States

Pavlin, Boris I., Schloegel, Lisa M. and Daszak, Peter (2009) Risk of importing zoonotic diseases through wildlife trade, United States. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 15(11), pp. 1721-1726. ISSN (print) 1080-6040

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The United States is the world's largest wildlife importer, and imported wild animals represent a potential source of zoonotic pathogens. Using data on mammals imported during 2000-2005, we assessed their potential to host 27 selected risk zoonoses and created a risk assessment that could inform policy making for wildlife importation and zoonotic disease surveillance. A total of 246,772 mammals in 190 genera (68 families) were imported. The most widespread agents of risk zoonoses were rabies virus (in 78 genera of mammals), Bacillus anthracis (57), Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (48), 'Echinococcus' spp. (41), and 'Leptospira' spp. (35). Genera capable of harboring the greatest number of risk zoonoses were 'Canis' and 'Felis' (14 each), 'Rattus' (13), 'Equus' (11), and 'Macaca' and 'Lepus' (10 each). These findings demonstrate the myriad opportunities for zoonotic pathogens to be imported and suggest that, to ensure public safety, immediate proactive changes are needed at multiple levels.

Item Type: Article
Research Area: Biological sciences
Epidemiology and public health
Infection and immunology
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science (until 2011) > School of Life Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Niki Wilson
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2013 12:49
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2013 12:49
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1511.090467
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/26444

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