Giving yourself a good beating: appraisal, attribution, rumination and counterfactual thinking

Uphill, Mark A. and Dray, Katie (2009) Giving yourself a good beating: appraisal, attribution, rumination and counterfactual thinking. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8(CSSI-3), pp. 5-12. ISSN (print) 1303-2968

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How individuals respond to adversity is one component of mental toughness and athletes may manage the adversity of a defeat in very different ways. In this article we focus on four types of cognition (appraisal, attribution, counterfactual thinking, and rumination) that athletes may exhibit in the immediate aftermath of a competitive defeat. In particular we define each of these terms and present a "caricature "of each of the respective literatures, focussing on the prevailing trends and substantive findings. These caricatures assist in the identification of several areas in which literature on athletes' retrospective cognition about defeat may be advanced. We use combat sports as a vehicle to illustrate our propositions. Key PointsPlease provide 3-5 bullet points of the paper. Little is known about how athletes psychologically manage adversity, a key component of mental toughness. There is a great deal of conceptual overlap between four types of retrospective cognition (appraisal, attribution, rumination and counterfactual thinking) athletes may exhibit after defeat. Rather than continue of examine these retrospective cognitions in isolation, there appears to be value in consideration of these constructs collectively to enhance theoretical parsimony.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: retrospective cognition, adversity, mental toughness, coping
Research Area: Psychology
Sports-related studies
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science (until 2011) > School of Life Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Katie Dray
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2014 16:46
Last Modified: 08 May 2014 14:47

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