Stimulating whole saliva affects the response of antimicrobial proteins to exercise

Allgrove, J E, Oliveira, M and Gleeson, M (2014) Stimulating whole saliva affects the response of antimicrobial proteins to exercise. Scandinavian Journal Of Medicine & Science In Sports, 24(4), pp. 649-655. ISSN (print) 0905-7188

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Abstract

This study investigated the salivary secretion rates of antimicrobial proteins in response to prolonged, exhaustive exercise in both stimulated (STIM) and unstimulated (UNSTIM) saliva flow sample methods. Twenty-four trained men cycled for 2.5 h at 60% V ˙ O 2 m ⁢ a x and then to exhaustion at 75% V ˙ O 2 m ⁢ a x . Timed collections of whole saliva were made before exercise, mid-exercise, at the end of the moderate exercise bout and post-exhaustive exercise. After each UNSTIM collection, a STIM sample was collected following chewing flavored gum for 1 min. Saliva was analysed for lysozyme, α-amylase and salivary immunoglobulin A (s-IgA), and secretion rates were calculated. Saliva flow was 156% higher in STIM compared with UNSTIM (P < 0.001) and decreased with exercise in STIM only (P < 0.001). Exercise increased lysozyme and α-amylase levels and secretion rates were 144% higher and 152% higher in STIM compared with UNSTIM for lysozyme and α-amylase, respectively (all P < 0.001). S-IgA concentration (P < 0.05) and secretion rate (P < 0.001) increased with exercise but were both lower in STIM compared with UNSTIM (P < 0.001). In conclusion, a STIM saliva flow collection during exercise by chewing flavored gum increased the quantity of saliva and the secretion of lysozyme and α-amylase, but had a limited impact on the secretion of s-IgA.

Item Type: Article
Research Area: Sports-related studies
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing (until 2017) > School of Life Sciences
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Depositing User: Automatic Import Agent
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2013 11:01
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2014 11:45
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12056
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/25194

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