Parental overprotection and metacognitions as predictors of worry and anxiety

Spada, M.M., Caselli, G., Manfredi, C., Rebecchi, D., Rovetto, F., Ruggiero, G., Nikcevic, A.V. and Sassaroli, S. (2012) Parental overprotection and metacognitions as predictors of worry and anxiety. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 40(3), pp. 287-296. ISSN (print) 1352-4658

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BACKGROUND: Parental overprotection may have a direct effect on worry through hindering children's exploration experiences and preventing the learning of action-oriented coping strategies (Cheron, Ehrenreich and Pincus, 2009; Nolen-Hoeksema, Wolfson, Mumme and Guskin, 1995) and an indirect effect through fostering the development of maladaptive metacognitions that are associated with the activation of worry and the escalation of anxiety (Wells, 2000). AIM: The aim was to investigate the relative contribution of recalled parental overprotection in childhood and metacognitions in predicting current levels of worry. METHOD: A community sample (n = 301) was administered four self-report instruments to assess parental overprotection, metacognitions, anxiety and worry. RESULTS: Metacognitions were found to predict levels of worry independently of gender, anxiety and parental overprotection. They were also found to predict anxiety independently of gender, worry and parental overprotection. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of a family environment perceived to be characterized by overprotection and high levels of maladaptive metacognitions are a risk factor for the development of worry.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: anxiety, metacognitions, parental overprotection, worry, psychometric properties, rearing behaviors, clinical anxiety, normal-children, disorders, questionnaire, validation, childhood, symptoms, stress
Research Area: Psychology
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (until 2017) > School of Social Science (until November 2012)
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Depositing User: Ana Nikcevic
Date Deposited: 09 May 2011 09:31
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2012 14:22

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