Bioaccumulation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dichlorodiphenylethane (DDE) methyl sulfones in tissues of seal and dolphin morbillivirus epizootic victims

Troisi, G.M., Haraguchi, K., Kaydoo, D.S., Nyman, M., Aguilar, A., Borrell, A., Siebert, U. and Mason, C.F. (2000) Bioaccumulation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dichlorodiphenylethane (DDE) methyl sulfones in tissues of seal and dolphin morbillivirus epizootic victims. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A Current Issues, 62(1), pp. 1-8. ISSN (print) 1528-7394

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Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) and dichlorodiphenylethane (DDE) methyl sulfone (MSF) metabolites possess high affinities for binding two homologous 16,000 Da homodimeric receptor proteins in the lung (Clara cell secretory protein, CCSP) and the uterus (uteroglobin, UG), leading to selective bioaccumulation of MSFs in these tissues. As marine mammals are highly exposed to organochlorines, concentrations of PCBs, PCB MSFs, DDT, and DDE MSF were analyzed in blubber, lung, and uterus samples from harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) and striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba) morbillivirus epizootic victims to investigate uterine and lung MSF accumulation. Mean uterus concentrations of PCB MSFs and DDE MSF in harbor seals were 0.61 and 0.04 microg/g lipid weight and in striped dolphins 0.05 and 0.01 microg/g lipid weight. Mean lung concentrations of PCB MSFs and DDE MSF in harbor seals were 0.96 and 0.02 microg/g lipid weight and in striped dolphins 0.16 and 0.01 microg/g lipid weight. To ascertain whether uterine and lung bioaccumulation of MSFs is possible due to the presence of CCSP and UG in seals, CCSP and UG proteins in uterine flushings and in uterine and lung and epithelial tissue from Baltic gray and ringed seals were characterized using gel electrophoresis and Western blotting techniques. UG- and CCSP-like proteins with molecular weights of 16,000 Da were resolved in all samples. This is the first demonstration of this protein in any marine mammalian species. The toxicological implications of MSF binding with UG and CCSP in marine mammals are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: target-cells, contaminants, uteroglobin, metabolites, cetaceans, binding, waters, irish, coast
Research Area: Biological sciences
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science (until 2011)
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Depositing User: Automatic Import Agent
Date Deposited: 26 May 2010 09:46
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2012 08:50
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/7230

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