Prediction of 200-m sprint kayaking performance

Van Someren, Ken and Palmer, Garry S. (2003) Prediction of 200-m sprint kayaking performance. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, 28(4), pp. 505-517. ISSN (print) 1066-7814

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the anthropometric and physiological profile of 200-m sprint kayakers and to examine relationships with 200-m race performance. Twenty-six male kayakers who were categorised in two ability groups, international (Int) and national (Nat) level, underwent a battery of anthropometric and physiological tests and a 200-m race. Race time was significantly lower in Int than Nat (39.9 +/- 0.8 s and 42.6 +/- 0.9 s, respectively). Int demonstrated significantly greater measures of mesomorphy, biepycondylar humeral breadth, circumferences of the upper arm, forearm and chest, peak power and total work in a modified Wingate test, total work in a 2-min ergometry test, peak isokinetic power, and peak isometric force. Significant relationships were found between 200-m time and a number of anthropometric variables and anaerobic and dynamometric parameters. Stepwise multiple regression revealed that total work in the modified Wingate alone predicted 200-m race time (R2 = 0.53, SEE = 1.11 s) for all 26 subjects, while biepycondylar humeral breadth alone predicted race time (R2 = 0.54, SEE = 0.52 s) in Int. These results demonstrate that superior upper body dimensions and anaerobic capacities distinguish international-level kayakers from national-level athletes and may be used to predict 200-m performance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: kayak, laboratory assessment, anthropometry, aerobic, anaerobic, ventilatory threshold, work efficiency, canoeists, kayakers, paddlers, exercise, women
Research Area: Sports-related studies
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences (until 2013)
Faculty of Science (until 2011)
Faculty of Science (until 2011) > School of Life Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Automatic Import Agent
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2010 11:14
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2012 11:28
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/7167

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