Ice massage: effects on exercise-induced muscle damage

Howatson, G and Van Someren, K A (2003) Ice massage: effects on exercise-induced muscle damage. Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 43(4), pp. 500-505. ISSN (print) 0022-4707

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Abstract

AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of ice massage on the signs and symptoms associated with exercise-induced muscle damage. METHODS: Nine recreationally resistance trained males performed an exercise protocol designed to induce muscle damage on 2 separate occasions; this was performed on the dominant or non-dominant arm in a random cross over design. The protocol consisted of 3 sets of 10 repetitions of single arm biceps curls, at 70% of a pre-determined one repetition maximum (1RM), with the eccentric phase of the contraction extended to 7 seconds. Subjects were also randomly assigned to an ice massage group or control group in the cross over design and received treatments immediately post-exercise, 24 hours and 48 hours post-exercise. 1RM, plasma creatine kinase (CK), muscle soreness (DOMS), limb girth and range of motion (ROM) were measured pre, immediately post, 24 hours, 48 hours and 72 hours post-exercise. RESULTS: Significant time effects were observed for all dependent variables (p<0.05), though no significant group effects were observed. A group by time interaction was found for CK (p<0.05), which at 72 hours post-exercise was significantly lower in the ice massage group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: These results indicate that although ice massage reduces the appearance of CK it has no other effect on signs and symptoms associated with exercise-induced muscle damage.

Item Type: Article
Research Area: Sports-related studies
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science (until 2011) > School of Life Sciences
Depositing User: Automatic Import Agent
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2010 09:47
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2010 09:47
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/7154

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