Total red blood cell concentrations of [omega]-3 fatty acids are associated with emotion-elicited neural activity in adolescent boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Gow, Rachel V., Matsudaira, Toshiko, Taylor, Eric, Rubia, Katya, Crawford, Michael, Ghebremeskel, Kebreab, Ibrahimovic, Almira, Vallee-Tourangeau, Frederic, Williams, Leanne M. and Sumich, Alexander (2009) Total red blood cell concentrations of [omega]-3 fatty acids are associated with emotion-elicited neural activity in adolescent boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes & Essential Fatty Acids, 80(2-3), pp. 151-156. ISSN (print) 0952-3278

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Abstract

Affective impairment is observed in children and adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Low levels of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), specifically omega-3 (omega-3) fatty acids in blood measures have been linked to a range of behavioural and mood disorders including ADHD. However, nothing is known about the relationship between omega-3 and brain function in children with ADHD. In the current study, 20 adolescent boys with ADHD were assessed for total lipid fractions in red blood cells and their event-related potential (ERP) response to the presentation of facial expressions of happiness, sadness and fearfulness. The results supported the hypothesis of a positive association between eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and a cognitive bias in orientation to overt expressions of happiness over both sad and fearful faces as indexed by midline frontal P300 amplitude. Additional exploratory analyses revealed a positive association between levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and the right temporal N170 amplitude in response to covert expressions of fear. The arachidonic (AA)/DHA ratio was negatively associated with the right temporal N170 amplitude also to covert expressions of fear. These findings indicate that EPA and DHA may be involved in distinct aspects of affect processing in ADHD and have implications for understanding currently inconsistent findings in the literature on EFA supplementation in ADHD and depression.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, brain function, event-related potentials, emotion processing, omega-3 fatty acids, event-related potentials, deficit/hyperactivity disorder, facial expressions, supraliminal fear, fatty-acids, recognition, behavior, dissociation, psychopathy, comorbidity
Research Area: Psychology
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Science (until November 2012)
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Depositing User: Cheryl Clark
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2009 16:33
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2012 11:02
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/4898

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