Distinct regulation of autoreactive CD4 T cell expansion by interleukin-4 under conditions of lymphopenia.

Hill, NJ, Stotland, AB and Sarvetnick, NE (2007) Distinct regulation of autoreactive CD4 T cell expansion by interleukin-4 under conditions of lymphopenia. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 81, pp. 757-765. ISSN (print) 0741-5400

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Abstract

IL-4 is protective against Type 1 diabetes in the NOD mouse. IL-4 promotes T cell survival in vitro, but little is known about the effect of IL-4 on clonal expansion in vivo. Here, we show that IL-4 only enhances the expansion of autoreactive CD4 T cells during lymphopenia and that neither the presence of islet IL-4 nor IL-4 deficiency affects T cell expansion significantly under conditions of immunosufficiency. The accumulation of proliferating cells induced by IL-4 in a lymphopenic host is inhibited incrementally by increasing the number of bystander cells and is prevented by cell numbers well below that of unmanipulated NOD mice. The ability of IL-4 to promote autoreactive CD4 T cell expansion is therefore sensitive to the degree of host immunodeficiency. Paradoxically, IL-4 receptor-deficient, autoreactive CD4 T cells proliferate more extensively than wild-type T cells in immunodeficient hosts, suggesting that the growth-promoting effect of islet IL-4 acts indirectly. These results suggest that IL-4-mediated protection against autoimmunity and diabetes may be outweighed during immunodeficiency by a pathogenic, IL-4-induced expansion of autoreactive T cells.

Item Type: Article
Research Area: Biological sciences
Cancer studies
Chemistry
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science (until 2011) > School of Life Sciences
Faculty of Science (until 2011) > School of Pharmacy and Chemistry
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Depositing User: Natasha Hill
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2017 08:34
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2017 08:34
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/38356

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