Myeloid leukemias have increased activity of the nonhomologous end-joining pathway and concomitant DNA misrepair that is dependent on the Ku70/86 heterodimer

Gaymes, Terry J., Mufti, Ghulam J. and Rassool, Feyruz V. (2002) Myeloid leukemias have increased activity of the nonhomologous end-joining pathway and concomitant DNA misrepair that is dependent on the Ku70/86 heterodimer. Cancer Research, 62(10), pp. 2791-2797. ISSN (print) 0008-5472

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Abstract

Human myeloid leukemias are characterized by chromosomal abnormalities, including translocations, deletions, and allelic loss. These alterations are known to disrupt the function of genes that contribute to tumor initiation and progression. The mechanism underlying the appearance of these chromosomal alterations is poorly understood. Recent evidence suggests that altered nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) is associated with the incidence of chromosome abnormalities in mutant rodent cells. This pathway is thought to provide a major mechanism for the repair of double-strand breaks (DSB) in higher eukaryotes. Here, we show that in an in vitro assay for DSB end ligation, nuclear extracts prepared from cultured and primary myeloid leukemia cells show a 2-7-fold increase in end-ligation efficiency as compared with mobilized peripheral CD34+ blood progenitor cells (CD34+) and interleukin-2-stimulated peripheral blood lymphocytes from normal healthy donors (P < 0.001). Furthermore, using an in vitro plasmid LacZ gene reactivation assay to determine DSB repair fidelity, nuclear extracts prepared from myeloid leukemia cells showed an increased frequency of misrepair compared with normal control cells (P < 0.001). Most importantly, this misrepair in myeloid leukemia cells is associated with large deletions (30-400 bp) within the test plasmids used in our assay. These deletions were not observed using normal hematopoietic cells (<28 bp). Strikingly, we show that the NHEJ proteins, Ku70 and 86, are required for the deletions in myeloid leukemias because preincubating nuclear extracts from leukemic cells with antisera against Ku86 and Ku70 inhibits plasmid reactivation and restores the frequency and size of deletions to control levels. Our findings suggest that an overactive NHEJ system and, specifically, aberrant Ku70/86 activity is a candidate mechanism for chromosomal instability in myeloid leukemias.

Item Type: Article
Research Area: Biological sciences
Cancer studies
Chemistry
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing > School of Life Sciences
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Depositing User: Terry Gaymes
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2017 07:48
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2017 07:48
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/38261

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