Automated electroencephalographic discontinuity in cooled newborns predicts cerebral MRI and neurodevelopmental outcome

Dunne, Jonathan M, Wertheim, David, Clarke, Paul, Kapellou, Olga, Chisholm, Philippa, Boardman, James P and Shah, Divyen K (2016) Automated electroencephalographic discontinuity in cooled newborns predicts cerebral MRI and neurodevelopmental outcome. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition, ISSN (print) 1359-2998 (Epub Ahead of Print)

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Prolonged electroencephalographic (EEG) discontinuity has been associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcomes after perinatal asphyxia but its predictive value in the era of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is unknown. In infants undergoing TH for hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) prolonged EEG discontinuity is associated with cerebral tissue injury on MRI and adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. METHOD: Retrospective study of term neonates from three UK centres who received TH for perinatal asphyxia, had continuous two channel amplitude-integrated EEG with EEG for a minimum of 48 h, brain MRI within 6 weeks of birth and neurodevelopmental outcome data at a median age of 24 months. Mean discontinuity was calculated using a novel automated algorithm designed for analysis of the raw EEG signal. RESULTS: Of 49 eligible infants, 17 (35%) had MR images predictive of death or severe neurodisability (unfavourable outcome) and 29 (59%) infants had electrographic seizures. In multivariable logistic regression, mean discontinuity at 24 h and 48 h (both p=0.01), and high seizure burden (p=0.05) were associated with severe cerebral tissue injury on MRI. A mean discontinuity >30 s/min-long epoch, had a specificity and positive predictive value of 100%, sensitivity of 71% and a negative predictive value of 88% for unfavourable neurodevelopmental outcome at a 10 µV threshold. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to seizure burden, excessive EEG discontinuity is associated with increased cerebral tissue injury on MRI and is predictive of abnormal neurodevelopmental outcome in infants treated with TH. The high positive predictive value of EEG discontinuity at 24 h may be valuable in selecting newborns with HIE for adjunctive treatments.

Item Type: Article
Research Area: Computer science and informatics
Health services research
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing > School of Computing and Information Systems
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Depositing User: Automatic Import Agent
Date Deposited: 03 May 2016 09:19
Last Modified: 09 May 2016 09:23
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/34983

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