Vallee-Tourangeau, F., Murphy, R.A. and Baker, A.G. (2005) Contiguity and the outcome density bias in action-outcome contingency judgements. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section B, 58(2), pp. 177-192. ISSN (print) 0272-4995Full text not available from this archive.
In cause-outcome contingency judgement tasks, judgements often reflect the actual contingency but are also influenced by the overall probability of the outcome, P(O). Action-outcome instrumental learning tasks can foster a pattern in which judgements of positive contingencies become less positive as P(O) increases. Variable contiguity between the action and the outcome may produce this bias. Experiment 1 recorded judgements of positive contingencies that were largely uninfluenced by P(O) using an immediate contiguity procedure. Experiment 2 directly compared variable versus constant contiguity. The predicted interaction between contiguity and P(O) was observed for positive contingencies. These results stress the sensitivity of the causal learning mechanism to temporal contiguity.
|Additional Information:||This work was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council [grant number R000222542].|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||temporal contiguity, causality judgment, reinforcement, induction|
|Faculty, School or Research Centre:||Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Science (until November 2012)|
|Depositing User:||Cheryl Clark|
|Date Deposited:||23 Mar 2007|
|Last Modified:||17 Jan 2012 15:51|
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