Measurement of cardiac output during exercise in healthy, trained humans using lithium dilution and pulse contour analysis

Elliott, Adrian D, Skowno, Justin, Prabhu, Mahesh and Ansley, Les (2012) Measurement of cardiac output during exercise in healthy, trained humans using lithium dilution and pulse contour analysis. Physiological Measurement, 33(10), pp. 1691-1701. ISSN (print) 0967-3334

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of pulse contour analysis calibrated with lithium dilution in a single device (LiDCO™) for measurement of cardiac output ([Formula: see text]) during exercise in healthy volunteers. We sought to; (a) compare pulse contour analysis (PulseCO) and lithium indicator dilution (LiDCO) for the measurement of [Formula: see text] during exercise, and (b) assess the requirement for recalibration of PulseCO with LiDCO during exercise. Ten trained males performed multi-stage cycling exercise at intensities below and above ventilatory threshold before constant load maximal exercise to exhaustion. Uncalibrated PulseCO [Formula: see text] ([Formula: see text](raw)) was compared to that calibrated with lithium dilution at baseline ([Formula: see text](baseline)), during submaximal exercise below ([Formula: see text](low)) and above ([Formula: see text](high)) ventilatory threshold, and at each exercise stage individually ([Formula: see text](exercise)). There was a significant difference between [Formula: see text](baseline) and all other calibration methods during exercise, but not at rest. No significant differences were observed between other methods. Closest agreement with [Formula: see text](exercise) was observed for [Formula: see text](high) (bias ± limits of agreement: 4.8 ± 30.0%). The difference between [Formula: see text](exercise) and both [Formula: see text](low) and [Formula: see text](raw) was characterized by low bias (4-7%) and wide limits of agreement (>±40%). Calibration of pulse contour analysis with lithium dilution prior to exercise leads to a systematic overestimation of exercising cardiac output. A single calibration performed during exercise above the ventilatory threshold provided acceptable limits of agreement with an approach incorporating multiple calibrations throughout exercise. Pulse contour analysis may be used for [Formula: see text] measurement during exercise providing the system is calibrated during exercise.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: indicator dilution, stroke volume, haemodynamics, arterial pressure waveform
Research Area: Biological sciences
Sports-related studies
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science (until 2011) > School of Life Sciences
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Depositing User: Automatic Import Agent
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2012 10:32
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2013 11:44
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/23644

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