The apoptotic and anti-proliferative activity of 'Origanum majorana' extracts on human leukemic cell line

Abdel-Massih , Roula M., Fares, Rida, Bazzi, Samer, El-Chami , Nisrine and Baydoun, Elias (2010) The apoptotic and anti-proliferative activity of 'Origanum majorana' extracts on human leukemic cell line. Leukemia Research, 34(8), pp. 1052-1056. ISSN (print) 0145-2126

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Abstract

Scientists are constantly searching for phytochemicals and compounds with anti-cancer and antioxidant activity. In this study, the anti-proliferative activity of plant extracts from 'Origanum majorana' (marjoram) was tested on human lymphoblastic leukemia cell line Jurkat. Cytotoxicity was examined using non-radioactive cytotoxicity assay and the IC(50) was calculated. At non-cytotoxic concentrations, the viability of cells decreased with increase of concentration of plant extract. The anti-proliferative effect was also found to be dose-dependent. Analysis via flow cytometry shows that marjoram extracts stimulated apoptosis. Induction of apoptosis was caused by an up-regulation of p53 protein levels and down-regulation of Bcl-2alpha. Marjoram exhibited a strong scavenging activity (SC(50)=0.03mg dry weight). The conclusions from this study suggest that marjoram extracts exhibit anti-proliferative effect and high antioxidant activity. For that it merits further investigation as a potential therapeutic agent.

Item Type: Article
Research Area: Biological sciences
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing
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Depositing User: Automatic Import Agent
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2012 15:10
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2012 15:10
URI: http://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/id/eprint/23139

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