Plows, Louise D., Cook, Richard T., Davies, Angela J. and Walker, Anthony J. (2005) Carbohydrates that mimic schistosome surface coat components affect ERK and PKC signalling in Lymnaea stagnalis haemocytes. International Journal for Parasitology, 35(3), pp. 293-302. ISSN (print) 0020-7519Full text not available from this archive.
Molluscs are intermediate hosts for helminth parasites such as Schistosoma spp. that possess an immunogenic surface coat of high carbohydrate content, with fucose as the predominant saccharide. More than a decade ago, it was postulated that such components could block receptors on snail haemocytes thus preventing recognition of intra-molluscan schistosome stages. Although more recent studies have shown that carbohydrates can suppress processes such as phagocytosis by haemocytes, interference of the haemocyte cell signalling pathways that regulate immunity by saccharides has not yet been investigated. We have recently reported the presence of extracellular-signal regulated kinase and protein kinase C in Lymnaea stagnalis haemocytes. Here we show that extracellular-signal regulated kinase and protein kinase C activities are down-regulated when haemocytes are exposed to albumin-linked fucose and galactose in the absence of haemolymph. Moreover, we demonstrate that phagocytosis is reduced under these conditions. Interestingly, in the presence of haemolymph, only protein kinase C activity is down-regulated and only galactose suppresses phagocytosis, implying a role for serum factors in the preservation of haemocyte function following exposure. We therefore propose that the establishment of a compatible relationship between a schistosome and its snail host is at least in part due to down-regulation of cell signalling events in haemocytes.
|Additional Information:||This work was supported by the Royal Society.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||phagocytosis, MAPK, glycoconjugate, PKC, haemolymph, molluscan defence|
|Research Area:||Allied health professions and studies
|Faculty, School or Research Centre:||Faculty of Science (until 2011) > School of Life Sciences|
|Depositing User:||David Salliss|
|Date Deposited:||20 Jun 2007|
|Last Modified:||22 Feb 2013 10:38|
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