Conserving idealized landscapes: past history, public perception and future management in the New Forest (UK)

Grant, Michael J. and Edwards, Mary E. (2008) Conserving idealized landscapes: past history, public perception and future management in the New Forest (UK). Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 17(5), pp. 551-562. ISSN (print) 0939-6314

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The New Forest is one of the most visited regions of Britain. It has recently been designated a National Park in recognition of its unique wood pasture ecosystems, a traditional land-use system, its magnificent scenery and recreational potential, and its biodiversity importance. The Forest’s highly prized Ancient and Ornamental (A&O) woodlands are a result of complex interactions among human activities of several kinds and the ecology of the dominant species–beech and oak—under the climate conditions of the last one to two millennia. Major changes in management practices over the 20th century, combined with the historical imprint of previous centuries of use, have set the A&O woodlands on a trajectory that means their nature and appearance will inevitably change over the coming decades. When the potential stresses that will be imposed by 21st century climate change are also considered, it will be challenging to find a management strategy to maintain A&O woodlands in their present form. Beech, which owes its current dominance largely to human disturbances of the woodland ecosystem, will be particularly stressed under future conditions. Future conservation policies, and hence management strategies, must be flexible as to the species composition and structure of future woodlands. However, the wide range of users and their different values add further complexity to forest management, and managers must also focus on issues of public perception. For example visitors idealize current landscapes, and this exerts a pressure to maintain the status quo as far as appearance is concerned that will be hard to achieve in practice. Management strategies will be greatly constrained unless conflicts about values and uses are resolved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Paper presented at the HITE-PolLandCal Conference in Umea, Sweden, 13–14 Nov 2005.
Uncontrolled Keywords: new forest, wood pasture, nature conservation, Fagus, forest management, heathlands
Research Area: Geography and environmental studies
Faculty, School or Research Centre: Faculty of Science (until 2011) > School of Geography, Geology and Environment > Centre for Earth and Environmental Science Research (CEESR)
Depositing User: Michael Grant
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2008
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2013 09:58

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